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Portugal is not like a conventional birding holiday for Amanda & I; we have now visited the Algarve 10 times since 1992. We always book a villa independently with Barbara Read Villas. We first met Barbara in 1994 and we now regard her as a good friend. Unless travelling off-peak season, the villas do not come cheap for two as most are 2 or 3+ beds, but they are all individual, private and give us the living space we like which enables us to quickly relax right at the start of our holiday.

I don’t think you will be disappointed. If you do decide to book with Barbara please give us a mention. Barbara also arranges very convenient and reasonably priced car hire with a local operator in Lagos. Cars can be picked up and dropped off at the airport without the usual hassle associated with the larger operators such as journeys by coach to and from the airport to the local depots. Flights to the Algarve are now relatively easy to come by from a variety of airports around the UK. We have always travelled from Manchester and usually with Monarch in recent years.

If you wish to keep costs down and are not too bothered about the quality and size of the accommodation, there are any number of package holidays available from all destinations within the UK and at prices to suit any pocket.

Although it is now very unlikely any new lifers will be added during a trip to Portugal, we continue to add to our Portuguese List and from holiday lists of c100 in the early days, we now regularly clock up 150+ species in a two week stay, almost irrespective of the time of year. We always enjoy Portugal as a birding destination for a relaxing holiday combined with special species not regularly seen in the UK.


Tourist maps of the Algarve and of Portugal/Spain (for trips further inland) are readily available at the new motorway service areas or local tourist shops.

A Birdwatching Guide to The AlgarveThe main site books used were A Birdwatching Guide to the Algarve by Kevin and Christine Carlson (ISBN 1 900159 00 7) and Finding Birds in Southern Portugal by Dave Gosney (ISBN 1 898110 18 2). Similar sites are also covered in the more extensive Hamlyn Birdwatching Guide – Where to Watch Birds in Spain and Portugal (Where to Watch Birds) by Laurence Rose (ISBN 0 600 58404 6).


Numerous supermarkets around the Lagos area make self-catering easy.

Restaurants we can recommend are:-

  • Reis, Rua Antonio B. Viana, Lagos. Tel 282 762900
  • O Galeao, Rua da Laranjeira, Lagos.  Tel 282 763 909
  • A Lagosteira, Rua 1° de Maio, Lagos. Tel 282 760427
  • Nortada, Praia do Martinhal, Sagres. Tel 282 624147
  • Fortelaza da Luz, Luz. Tel 282 789926

Lagos Map


  • 29/12/2003   Arrive Faro – Lagos – Alvor Estuary
  • 30/12/2003   Cape St Vincent – Martinhal
  • 31/12/2003   Carrapateira – Pera Marsh
  • 1/1/2004      Burgau Marsh – Martinhal – Pera Marsh – Odelouca Valley
  • 2/2/2004      Castro Marim
  • 3/2/2004      Burgau Marsh
  • 4/1/2004      Burgau Marsh – Martinhal – Cape St Vincent – Lagos
  • 5/1/2004      Quinta do Lago – Alvor Estuary
  • 6/1/2004      Cape St Vincent – Martinhal – Barranco Joao Vaz
  • 7/1/2004      Castro Verde
  • 8/1/2004      Burgau Marsh – Cape St Vincent – Alvor Estuary
  • 9/1/2004      Pera Marsh
  • 10/1/2004     Cape St Vincent – Lagos – Alvor Estuary
  • 11/1/2004     Pera Marsh
  • 12/1/2004     Return flight Faro – Manchester


In the main, the maps and directions in the Site Guides are good. There are however one or two notes below, which point to additional areas well worth further examination.

Some journey times have been dramatically improved following the opening of additional motorway stretches west to Lagos and north near Albufeira towards the Alantejo.

As a guide to birds which are likely to be seen at the various sites, links have been created to lists I have seen over the years and can be accessed by clicking on the site name.

Alantejo/Castro Verde/MertolaGosney Pg 26, Rose Pg 181

(Castro Verde – Bird List & Mertola – Bird List)

Do not visit this area on Sundays as the local hunters are out in force and birds are almost non existent. Visits in the last three years have not been as productive as earlier years, possibly as a result of increased disruption from hunters. Having arrived at Mertola, the onward, return journey towards the coast at Castro Marim or inland towards Loulé is quite time consuming. Although there are a few nice habitats on the way, which are well worth short stops, we have recently retraced our footsteps to the motorway near Castro Verde if time was critical.

Alvor EstuaryCarlson Pg 12, Gosney Pg 10, Rose Pg 184 (Bird List)

Alvor salt marsh

A walk around the salt pans on the raised embankments is recommended for both waders and gulls/terns. Collared Pratincoles can be a star turn in Sept/Oct. The west bank of the estuary does not get a mention in the guide books but is well worth a visit, especially at high tide. Access is either from east of Lagos via Meia Praia and Palmares golf course following the coastal track around the fish tanks, eventually rejoining the N125 east of Odiáxere, or in reverse if travelling from the Portimão side.

Barranco Joao Vaz

Leaving the N125 at Raposeira this is an interesting drive down a river valley with diverse habitats to a deserted sandy bay. In January 2004, our first visit, the area was rich with Blackcaps, Chiffchaffs, Redwings and Ring Ouzels.

Burgau Marsh – Carlson Pg 11 (Bird List)

Bird numbers fluctuate dramatically dependant on season, but always worth a visit on the way west to Sagres and Cape St Vincent.

Cape St Vincent/Sagres Carlson Pg 10, Gosney Pg 12, Rose Pg 183

(Cape St Vincent – Bird List & Sagres – Bird List)

Cape St Vincent inland tracksThe tracks around the Cape should be visited at every opportunity, especially in Sept/Oct. Most are driveable and although our last few visits have not yielded Little Bustards, the variety of species is almost always guaranteed. The main tracks in question are not shown in the guide books, but start immediately after the Taverna de Beliche. Turning right by the Taverna, two tracks head north, straight inland, and run either side of a small strand of trees for c1000m. At the end of the trees the tracks join and head right (east) along another stand of trees towards a trig point on a small hill, which is visible almost as soon as you first join the tracks. The trig point is an excellent vantage point to watch raptors in late September, early October, especially after a strong easterly wind or preferably storm. The birds rest in the surrounding fields and woodlands overnight and as the day heats up (usually 10.00 hrs onwards) they can be seen circling and gathering height overhead, prior to continuing their southward migration. Cape St Vincent grasslands with distant lighthouseThe widest track, a little further west from the Taverna, heads inland towards a farm, visible in the distance from the road, and onwards to Vila Do Bispo. This track is well worth taking (we had a pair of Black-shouldered Kites regularly in Jan 2004 near Vila Do Bispo) as are the small offshoots heading towards the coast by the previously mentioned farm. Birds at the Cape itself can be a little disappointing at times.

There is also a small site at Sagres, not mentioned in any of the guides, which is excellent at migration time as it is the only stand of trees for some distance. As well as numerous warblers and flycatchers I have seen up to 4 Wryneck here at one time in autumn. Taking the N268 into Sagres, turn right at the island (where there is a left turn to Sagres town and straight ahead leads to the Fort at Ponta de Sagres) towards Cape St Vincent. Almost immediately on the right hand side of the road, after a Pottery and before the building compound with the radio masts, there is a large pull in space by some small conifers. This wooded area, plus the disused gardens/allotments nearby are always worth a call when migrants are around.

As regards Sagres itself, I have always found the best sea-watching spot is the headland by the Henry the Navigator luxury hotel rather than from the Fort. Turning left at the island at the end of the N268 mentioned above, follow the minor road through the town towards the harbour. The hotel is set back on the right almost at the end of the town and before the road starts going downhill to the harbour. The track at the end of the hotel road leads onto the headland, which is also favoured by Black Redstarts, wagtails, pipits and warblers and on one occasion, an Ortolan Bunting.

Carrapateira – Carlson Pg 11 (Bird List)

Castro Marim salt pansNorth of Carrapateira in suitable habitat by the roadside we have previously seen Cirl Bunting on most trips.

Castro Marim – Carlson Pg 27/31, Gosney Pg 30, Rose Pg 188 (Bird List)

The salt pans to the right/east of N122 around Castro Marim are well worth exploring at any access point, for waders and also Little Bustard.

Castro Marim May 2006 Update

Martinhal (Bird List)

Leaving Sagres on the N268 towards Vila Do Bispo take the fist right turn leading to the north end of Sagres harbour/bay. The small tidal pool, which usually contains brackish water as only the highest tides breach the entrance, usually contains a variety of waders and gulls. But, more importantly, the beach bar Nortada (not the first, surfers bar) has excellent food, is open all year and is ideal for lunch when visiting the area.

Odelouca Valley – Carlson Pg 35 (Bird List)

Can be a little disappointing at times and not one of my favourite sites.

Pera Marsh – Carlson Pg 14 (Bird List)

Pera MarshOne of the best little habitats on the Algarve and regrettably under threat from local developers. Four visits in January 2004 tell their own story! Can be a little difficult to find at first, but from N125 east of Alcantarilha at traffic light junction, take road to Armação de Pêra and almost immediately take a minor road left across a narrow bridge. Over the bridge veer right (straight on goes into Pêra) and follow this road around the outskirts of the town, going up a slight incline to an “island” at the top of the rise (circular building in fields to the right) and turn right (main road carries on to Albufeira) taking the small road down to the beach. This road and Pera Marsh are to the west of the golf course – Salgardos. The minor road eventually deteriorates into a track to the main beach car park. Tracks to the left, off this main track go right to the waters edge.

Pera Marsh May 2006 Update

Quinta do Lago/Ria Formosa – Carlson Pg 15, Gosney Pg2, Rose Pg 186 (Bird List)

Quinta do LagoI think the best way to view this extensive site is to head for the beach car park at Quinta do Lago at the end of the seven islands on the Ave André Jordon (Carlson Pg 16 & Gosney Pg 3). From the car park head towards the beach and turn left immediately prior to the wooden footbridge and follow the path around the edge of the golf course. The maps in Gosney Pg 5 & 7 clearly show the route around to Ludo Farm. The track leading from the golf course to the farm has a sign for the emergency exit road from the airport – don’t worry. The salt pans between the golf course and the farm are excellent for waders etc.

Monchique – Carlson Pg 33, Rose P g 184 (Bird List)

We don’t always visit this area as birding can be a little disappointing other than a number of specialist woodland birds and the occasional treat (Rock Bunting and raptors) from the peak Fóia.

Although I have not yet been to Olhao & Fuseta (Carlson Pg 24) and Tavira (Carlson Pg 26) a colleague advises they are well worth a visit for waders, especially in autumn.

Tavira May 2006 Update


Personal highlights were:-

Osprey  29/12 & 5/1
Whimbrel  29/12 &  8, 10/1
Castro Marim
c21 Little Bustard 2/1
Spotted Redshank  2/1
c50 Little Stint  2/1
c10 Curlew Sandpiper  2/1
Red-rumped Swallow  2/1
Cape St Vincent
Pair of Black-shouldered Kite  30/12 & 4, 6, 10/1
Blue Rock Thrush  30/12
c100 Chough  feeding in fields  4/1
Pair of Ring Ouzel settled in for the winter on Juniper bushes
Castro Verde/Mertola
3 Black-shouldered Kite  7/1
c30 Little Bustard  7/1
2 Calandra Lark  7/1
c100 Little Grebe  31/12
up to 12 Spoonbill  31/12 to 9/1
20 Greater Flamingo  31/12
Drake Ferruginous Duck  9/01
up to 20 Purple Swamphen  11/1
Slender-billed Gull  31/12
4 Woodlark  11/1
Dartford Warbler  9/1
3 Bluethroat (white-spotted)  9/1
Quinta do Lago
Spotted Redshank  5/1
c100 Little Stint  5/1
Gull-billed Tern  5/1

Species seen at each site are detailed in the 2003/4 Trip List below. For comparison you can also access my Portugal Life List covering 1992 to date.

Portugal Bird Species Checklist *Excel

Trip List 2003/4

Name Species Where Seen 
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis A, AL, CM, P, Q 
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 
Gannet Morus bassanus B, C, M 
Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo Common 
Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis M, Q 
Little Egret Egretta garzetta Common 
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea Common 
Great Egret Ardea alba 
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis Common 
White Stork Ciconia ciconia Common 
Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia P, Q 
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber 
Wigeon Anas penelope 
Gadwall Anas strepera CM, P, Q 
Teal Anas crecca A, AL, P, Q 
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Common 
Pintail Anas acuta P, Q 
Shoveler Anas clypeata AL, CM, P, Q 
Pochard Aythya ferina P, Q 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca 
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula P, Q 
Black-shouldered Kite Elanus caeruleus AL, C, CA 
Red Kite Milvus milvus AL 
Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus CM, P 
Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus AL, C 
Buzzard Buteo buteo Common 
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus B, Q 
Osprey Pandion haliaetus A, M 
Kestrel Falco tinnunculus Common 
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus B, C, P 
Red-legged Partridge Alectoris rufa Common 
Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio P, Q 
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus P, Q 
Coot Fulica atra CM, P, Q 
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax CM, AL 
Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus 
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus Common 
Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta 
Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria A, AL, C, P 
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola A, CM, P, Q 
Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula A, CM, M, P, Q 
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus A, CM, M 
Lapwing Vanellus vanellus A, AL, C, CM, P, Q 
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa A, CM, P 
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus A, M, Q 
Curlew Numenius arquata A, Q 
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus CM, Q 
Redshank Tringa totanus A, CM, Q 
Greenshank Tringa nebularia A, CM, P, Q 
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus B, A 
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos A, B, CM, M, P, Q 
Turnstone Arenaria interpres A, M, P 
Knot Calidris canutus A, P, Q 
Sanderling Calidris alba A, M, P, Q 
Little Stint Calidris minuta A, CM, Q 
Dunlin Calidris alpina A, CM, Q 
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea A, CM, Q 
Ruff Philomachus pugnax P, Q 
Yellow-legged Gull Larus cachinnans michahellis A, C, CM, M, P, Q 
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus graellsi A, CM, M, P, Q 
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus A, C, CM, M, P, Q 
Slender-billed Gull Larus genei 
Mediterranean Gull Larus melanocephalus P, A 
Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica 
Caspian Tern Sterna caspia A, CM, P 
Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis A, M, P, Q 
Rock Dove Columba livia 
Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto Common 
Barn Owl Tyto alba QA 
Little Owl Athene noctua A, AL, QA 
Kingfisher Alcedo atthis A, O, Q 
Hoopoe Upupa epops A, P, QA 
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major CA 
Green Woodpecker Picus viridis 
Calandra Lark Melanocorypha calandra AL 
Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla 
Crested Lark Galerida cristata A, AL, CA, CM, R, P 
Thekla Lark Galerida theklae B, C 
Wood Lark Lullula arborea C, P 
Skylark Alauda arvensis AL, C, CA 
Crag Martin Hirundo rupestris Common 
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica A, CM, M, P 
Red-rumped Swallow Hirundo daurica CM 
Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis Common 
Rock Pipit Anthus petrosus 
White Wagtail Motacilla alba Common 
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea AL, B 
Robin Erithacus rubecula A, C, QA 
White-spotted Bluethroat Luscinia svecica cyanecula 
Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros A, AL , B, C, M, QA, R 
Whinchat Saxicola rubetra A, P, Q 
Stonechat Saxicola torquata Common 
Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius C, M 
Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus C, R 
Blackbird Turdus merula Common 
Fieldfare Turdus pilaris 
Redwing Turdus iliacus B, C, R 
Song Thrush Turdus philomelos A, B, QA, R 
Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus C, V 
Cetti’s Warbler Cettia cetti 
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis A, C, CM, P, Q, QA 
Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus 
Reed Warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus 
Melodious Warbler Hippolais polyglotta 
Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla B, QA, R 
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala A, B, C, Q, QA, R 
Dartford Warbler Sylvia undata B, C, CM, P, R 
Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus A, B 
Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita Common 
Iberian Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita ibericus AL 
Great Tit Parus major A, AL, CA, QA 
Blue Tit Parus caeruleus QA 
Southern Grey Shrike Lanius excubitor meridionalis Common 
Jay Garrulus glandarius CA, O 
Azure-winged Magpie Cyanopica cyana Common 
Magpie Pica pica AL 
Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax 
Jackdaw Corvus monedula A, AL, B, C 
Carrion Crow Corvus corone AL, C 
Raven Corvus corax AL, C 
Spotless Starling Sturnus unicolor Common 
House Sparrow Passer domesticus Common 
Spanish Sparrow Passer hispaniolensis 
Waxbill Estrilda astrild P, Q 
Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs CA, O, QA 
Serin Serinus serinus A, O, Q, QA, R 
Greenfinch Carduelis chloris A, C, CM, P, QA, R 
Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis Common 
Linnet Carduelis cannabina A, AL, B, C. P, R 
Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula CA 
Corn Bunting Miliaria calandra AL, B, C, CM, R 
Alantejo AL 
Alvor Estuary 
Burgau Marsh 
Cape St Vincent 
Carrapeteira CA 
Castro Marim CM 
Odelouca Valley 
Pera Marsh 
Quinta de Lago 
Seen in all appropriate Habitats Common 
Villa near Luz QA 

Portugal Life List

Name Species 
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis 
Cory’s Shearwater Calonectris diomedea 
Manx Shearwater Puffinus puffinus 
Mediterranean Shearwater Puffinus yelkouan 
Gannet Morus bassanus 
Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 
Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis 
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea 
Great Egret Ardea alba 
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis 
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides 
Black Stork Ciconia nigra 
White Stork Ciconia ciconia 
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus 
Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia 
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber 
Wigeon Anas penelope 
Gadwall Anas strepera 
Teal Anas crecca 
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos 
Pintail Anas acuta 
Shoveler Anas clypeata 
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina 
Common Pochard Aythya ferina 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca 
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula 
Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus 
Black-shouldered Kite Elanus caeruleus 
Red Kite Milvus milvus 
Black Kite Milvus migrans 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus 
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus 
Short-toed Eagle Circaetus gallicus 
Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus 
Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus 
Montagu’s Harrier Circus pygargus 
Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus 
Goshawk Accipiter gentilis 
Common Buzzard Buteo buteo 
Spanish Imperial Eagle Aquila adalberti 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos 
Bonelli’s Eagle Hieraaetus fasciatus 
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus 
Osprey Pandion haliaetus 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni 
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 
Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus 
Eleonora’s Falcon Falco eleonorae 
Merlin Falco columbarius 
Hobby Falco subbuteo 
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus 
Red-legged Partridge Alectoris rufa 
Quail Coturnix coturnix 
Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio 
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 
Coot Fulica atra 
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax 
Great Bustard Otis tarda 
Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus 
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 
Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta 
Stone Curlew Burhinus oedicnemus 
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola 
Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria 
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola 
Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula 
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius 
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus 
Lapwing Vanellus vanellus 
Snipe Gallinago gallinago 
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa 
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica 
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus 
Curlew Numenius arquata 
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus 
Redshank Tringa totanus 
Greenshank Tringa nebularia 
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus 
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola 
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 
Turnstone Arenaria interpres 
Knot Calidris canutus 
Sanderling Calidris alba 
Little Stint Calidris minuta 
Temminck’s Stint Calidris temminckii 
Dunlin Calidris alpina 
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea 
Ruff Philomachus pugnax 
Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus 
Herring Gull Larus argentatus 
Yellow-legged Gull Larus cachinnans michahellis 
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus graellsi 
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus 
Slender-billed Gull Larus genei 
Mediterranean Gull Larus melanocephalus 
Little Gull Larus minutus 
Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla 
Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica 
Caspian Tern Sterna caspia 
Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis 
Common Tern Sterna hirundo 
Little Tern Sterna albifrons 
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Black Tern Chlidonias niger 
Razorbill Alca torda 
Rock Dove Columba livia 
Stock Dove Columba oenas 
Wood Pigeon Columba palumbus 
Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur 
Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto 
Great Spotted Cuckoo Clamator glandarius 
Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus 
Barn Owl Tyto alba 
Scops Owl Otus scops 
Little Owl Athene noctua 
Red-necked Nightjar Caprimulgus ruficollis 
Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus 
Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melba 
Common Swift Apus apus 
Pallid Swift Apus pallidus 
White-rumped Swift Apus caffer 
Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 
European Bee-eater Merops apiaster 
Roller Coracias garrulus 
Hoopoe Upupa epops 
Wryneck Jynx torquilla 
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos minor 
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major 
Green Woodpecker Picus viridis 
Calandra Lark Melanocorypha calandra 
Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla 
Lesser Short-toed Lark Calandrella rufescens 
Crested Lark Galerida cristata 
Thekla Lark Galerida theklae 
Wood Lark Lullula arborea 
Skylark Alauda arvensis 
Sand Martin Riparia riparia 
Crag Martin Hirundo rupestris 
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 
Red-rumped Swallow Hirundo daurica rufula 
House Martin Delichon urbica 
Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris 
Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis 
Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis 
Rock Pipit Anthus petrosus 
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 
Blue-headed Wagtail Motacilla flava 
Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava flavissima 
Spanish Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava iberiae 
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 
Wren Troglodytes troglodytes 
Robin Erithacus rubecula 
Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos 
White-spotted Bluethroat Luscinia svecica cyanecula 
Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros 
Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus 
Whinchat Saxicola rubetra 
Stonechat Saxicola torquata 
Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe 
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica 
Isabelline Wheatear Oenanthe isabellina 
Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius 
Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus 
Blackbird Turdus merula 
Fieldfare Turdus pilaris 
Redwing Turdus iliacus 
Song Thrush Turdus philomelos 
Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus 
Cetti’s Warbler Cettia cetti 
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 
Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus 
Reed Warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus 
Great Reed Warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus 
Western Olivaceous Warbler Hippolais pallida 
Melodious Warbler Hippolais polyglotta 
Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla 
Garden Warbler Sylvia borin 
Whitethroat Sylvia communis 
Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca 
Western Orphean Warbler Sylvia hortensis 
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala 
Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans 
Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata 
Dartford Warbler Sylvia undata 
Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus 
Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita 
Iberian Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita brehmii 
Western Bonelli’s Warbler Phylloscopus bonelli 
Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix 
Firecrest Regulus ignicapillus 
Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata 
Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca 
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus 
Crested Tit Parus cristatus 
Great Tit Parus major 
Blue Tit Parus caeruleus 
Nuthatch Sitta europaea 
Short-toed Treecreeper Certhia brachydactyla 
Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus 
Southern Grey Shrike Lanius excubitor meridionalis 
Woodchat Shrike Lanius senator 
Jay Garrulus glandarius 
Azure-winged Magpie Cyanopica cyana 
Magpie Pica pica 
Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax 
Jackdaw Corvus monedula 
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 
Raven Corvus corax 
Splendid Glossy Starling Lamprotornis splendidus 
Starling Sturnus vulgaris 
Spotless Starling Sturnus unicolor 
House Sparrow Passer domesticus 
Spanish Sparrow Passer hispaniolensis 
Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 
Waxbill Estrilda astrild 
Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs 
Serin Serinus serinus 
Greenfinch Carduelis chloris 
Siskin Carduelis spinus 
Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis 
Linnet Carduelis cannabina 
Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula 
Cirl Bunting Emberiza cirlus 
Rock Bunting Emberiza cia 
Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana 
Corn Bunting Miliaria calandra

David & Amanda Mason

(With thanks to Pat & Judy Hayes for site photos)